The City of Vancouver website has an easy-to-read section on the laws and by-laws regarding cycling in BC (and additional by-laws specific to Vancouver).
They also have a handy page about riding safety.
Rights and duties of operator of cycle
- In addition to the duties imposed by this section, a person operating a cycle on a highway has the same rights and duties as a driver of a vehicle.
- A person operating a cycle
- must not ride on a sidewalk unless authorized by a by-law made under section 124 or unless otherwise directed by a sign,
- must not, for the purpose of crossing a highway, ride on a crosswalk unless authorized to do so by a bylaw made under section 124 or unless otherwise directed by a sign,
- must, subject to paragraph (a), ride as near as practicable to the right side of the highway,
- must not ride abreast of another person operating a cycle on the roadway,
- must keep at least one hand on the handlebars,
- must not ride other than on or astride a regular seat of the cycle,
- must not use the cycle to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped, and
- A person commits an offence if that person operates or rides as a passenger on a cycle on a highway and is not properly wearing a bicycle safety helmet that
- is designated as an approved bicycle safety helmet under subsection (4) (a), or
- meets the standards and specifications prescribed under subsection (4) (b).